Journalist Tamrat Hailu, who is known in Kumneger magazine


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Interview with Journalist Tamrat Hailu, who is known in Kumneger magazine. In Ethiopia, the radio broadcast was established by Emperor Haile Selassie in 1933. Since its establishment, radio broadcasts have played a significant role in delivering information to the masses, thereby, contributing its share in the overall progress of the country. The present study attempts to explore the contribution of radio broadcasts to the social, political, professional, and economic progress of the country in the period from 1974 to 2000. 

 

Applying a qualitative historical method of data analysis and cross-examining the available secondary and primary sources, the study highlights the so far ignored positive role of radio broadcast in societal progress. Though the study focuses on the period from 1974 to 2000, it also tries to shed light on the history of radio broadcasting before that period. Radio Ethiopia started its broadcast in 1935. 

 

In 1936, the Ethiopian patriots damaged the radiotelegraphic station. Thus, the Italians established a new radio station at the center of Addis Ababa. This radio station was destroyed by the fascist Italians in 1941 when they evacuated the country. Soon after the liberation, the British military force started to repair the broadcasting work in Ethiopia and started regular programs. Because of the high illiteracy rate in Ethiopia, radio broadcasting has been serving as a better means of disseminating information to societies than other forms of media outlets. 

 

By using different national and international languages, it has broadcasted various programs that foster social, economic, professional, and political developments in the country. Radio has also served as the best tool to create awareness among society concerning internal and international social, economic, and political issues.

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