Things that damage your kidney


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Our kidneys are responsible for removing waste and excess fluid from our body, and also remove acid produced by cells, keeping the water, salts, and minerals, such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium, in our blood in balance. They also help our hormones control our blood pressure, produce red blood cells, and maintain our bones healthy. As you can see, their function is FUNDAMENTAL, so we must protect them.

 

Our kidneys are made up of about a million filters called nephrons. Some activities or illnesses damage them and generate a failure in that filtering system, which triggers kidney failure or Chronic Kidney Disease. Before any complication occurs, we must make some adjustments in our lifestyle, to eliminate, as much as possible, risk factors such as Obesity, Hypertension, and Diabetes. I have listed other important things that damage the kidneys.

 

Diabetes - High blood sugar levels from uncontrolled diabetes can damage the delicate blood vessels and filters in the kidneys over time, leading to diabetic kidney disease. High Blood Pressure - Uncontrolled high blood pressure puts extra strain on the kidneys and can cause damage to the kidney's structure and function. Glomerulonephritis - This is a group of diseases that cause inflammation and damage to the kidney's filtering units, the glomeruli.

 

Polycystic Kidney Disease - This is a genetic disorder that causes multiple cysts to grow in the kidneys, eventually impairing kidney function. Kidney Stones - The formation of hard mineral crystals in the kidneys can block urine flow and potentially damage kidney tissue. Obesity - Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure that can harm the kidneys.

 

Certain Medications - Some over-the-counter pain medications like NSAIDs, as well as some prescription drugs, can cause kidney injury with long-term use. Infections - Urinary tract infections or kidney infections (pyelonephritis) can damage the kidneys if left untreated. Heavy Metal Poisoning - Exposure to heavy metals like lead, cadmium, or mercury can accumulate in the kidneys and impair their function. Chronic Glomerulonephritis - This autoimmune disorder causes inflammation and scarring of the kidney's filters over time. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, controlling conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure, and avoiding excessive use of medications that may harm the kidneys are important ways to protect kidney health.

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