The common risk factors for esophageal cancer and its preventive measures


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I talked about the common risk factors for esophageal cancer and its preventive measures. Esophageal cancer is a growth of cells that starts in the esophagus. The esophagus is a long, hollow tube that runs from the throat to the stomach. The esophagus helps move swallowed food from the back of the throat to the stomach to be digested. Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer can happen anywhere along the esophagus. Esophageal cancer is more common in men. Risk factors include drinking alcohol and smoking.

 

Esophageal cancer is one of the most unknown and deadliest cancers worldwide, mainly because of its extremely aggressive nature and poor survival rate. Esophageal cancer is the 6th leading cause of death from cancer and the 8th most common cancer in the world. Here are some of the key risk factors for esophageal cancer: Age - The risk increases with age, with most cases occurring in people over 60 years old. Gender - Men are more likely to develop esophageal cancer than women.

 

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - Chronic, untreated GERD can cause damage and inflammation in the esophagus, increasing cancer risk. Obesity - Being overweight or obese is a significant risk factor, likely due to the association with GERD. Smoking and chewing tobacco are major risk factors, accounting for a large percentage of esophageal cancer cases. Alcohol consumption - Heavy, long-term alcohol use can irritate and inflame the esophageal lining.

 

Diet - A diet low in fruits and vegetables and high in processed meats may contribute to increased risk. Achalasia - This condition, where the esophageal muscles don't relax properly, is associated with a higher risk of esophageal cancer. Previous esophageal cancer - People who have had esophageal cancer before have a higher risk of developing it again. Early detection through screening for high-risk individuals is important, as esophageal cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage. Lifestyle changes like quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, and managing GERD can also help reduce risk.

 

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